What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

Published on by Randy Nicholas

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is becoming a popular choice of treatment for a myriad of psychological disorders, from obsessive compulsion to schizophrenia. What sorts of things does this treatment involve, and what kind of person does it benefit? How effective is it? These questions will be touched upon in the following article.

CBT basics

CBT is a psycho-therapeutic approach to addressing many psychology problems. It primarily involves addressing and correcting dysfunctional emotion, behaviour and thought patterns through a goal-oriented process that guides the patient through steps of achievement until the dysfunction is managed. Therapists will often talk with patients and help them to re-frame the way in which they think about things, giving them home assignments to help them to build the skills the need to prevent, correct, or deal with their behaviour.

Who benefits from this therapy?

CBT has been clinically proven to be an effective treatment of anxiety disorders, phobias, stress, eating disorders, obsessive compulsion, and even bipolar disorder. However, this treatment will not work for everyone. It involves a good deal of work for the patient in thinking, writing in journals and having discussions and without this considerable effort, the therapy has less chance of success.

How effective is it?

CBT has been shown to be as effective as using mood-stabilisers or anti-depressants to treat anxiety and depression, and without any of the chemical side effects that some drugs may cause. It is the most effective treatment for moderate and severe depression.

Reference: The Royal College of Psychiatrists: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

Fore more information go to Rcpsych.ac.uk (Mental health info for all, treatments) CBT

James being analysed by Dr Bob Hartley

Published on Psychology

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